Necessary knowledge about oncology
Every human consists of many cells that allow to collect a unique combination in the form of a person.
The human body contains of soft (muscle) tissue, hard (bone) tissue, and cells (they are different in the human body).
Cells intensely interact with each other and this is called a biochemical process. Naturally, the interaction of all these cells, assembled together and called "human", are always affected by many external and internal factors.Internal factors include the clogging of the supply system (blood vessels) and the “sewage system” (lymphatic vessels), the presence of viruses, fungi, and parasites. External factors include climatic influences, as well as all that called the human nutrition system.
For many reasons, these influence factors contribute to the occurrence of disturbances in the vital functions of cells. One of such disorders is a failure in the DNA program life, which is expressed in the loss of terminal cells stage.Cell becomes immortal and begins to act similar to mutant cell. This situation is called oncology or in the usual sense - it is simply a cancer disease.
First of all you should know that every day every person has different malfunctions in the body and cells with altered DNA appear, it is cancer cells. Yes, every day.The number of mutant cells depends on the level of effects on the body internal and external factors and the body's ability to resist.Have you heard what the immune system is? This is the main line of defense.In the best situation, a strong immune system recognise cancer cells and dispose them. In the worst case, one or more of these cells may remain in the body and start the growth of a malignant tumor.
Secondly, since the human body consists of around two hundred different types of cells, the options for malignant tumors will be no less than the same two hundred. Moreover, each cell from this set of two hundred cells can mutate in its own way. For example, a diagnosis of lung cancer involves at least 20 different options. Thus, cancer is a very diverse disease.
Is There a Cure for Cancer?
In fact, a cure for cancer was found, in the sense that for each of at least two hundred types of cancer, continuous research is underway, and many treatment options have indeed been found for many types of cancer. But you must understand clearly that for a specific type of cancer you need a specific medicine that is not able to solve the problem of another type.Here, the oncologist’s professionalism comes to the first line, doctor must have knowledge of the ALL types of cancer and their treatment options. Is that really possible?Most unlikely. Too much information. The only way is a narrow specialization. The same path take the oncological centers, in which were created groups of oncologists of various orientations, which cover the maximum of the most common types of cancer for a particular area. In the group are ongoing mutual consultations that allow doctors to have a kind of joint experience.
Cancer Diagnostic Methods
Diagnosis in the early stages of its spread plays a crucial role in the treatment of cancer. The focus is on a various general health screening programs that can prevent a severe deterioration in the patient’s health. Similar programs are made according to the gender and age of the patient, they include laboratory and instrumental methods of research, the results of which are consulted by an oncologist. This approach makes it possible not only to find out complete information about the state of health, but also to save time and money.
Cancer diagnostic methods:
- Clinical: determination of symptoms, initial examination of the patient, the study of medical history.
- –Blood test for cancer markers;
- –Analysis of body fluids (urine, feces, blood);
- –Detection of cancer sensitivity to treatment (for example, determination of progesterone and estrogen receptors).
- –Biopsy - removal of a small piece of tissue for subsequent histological or cytological analysis in the laboratory;
- –Visual assessment of pathological education with the help of special tools (sigmoidoscopy, fibrogastroscopy, fibrocolonoscopy, bronchoscopy, etc.);
- –Beam diagnostic techniques (magnetic resonance or computed tomography, radiography, scintigraphy, ultrasound, positron emission tomography, etc.) and contrast diagnostics.
Cancer Treatment Methods in Turkey
It’s important to know! Cancer treatments continue to be actively developed by oncologists researchers all around the world. Follow the news.
We do not recommend you self-medication treatment, this is the grossest mistake of most cancer diagnosed.
Surgery.The main purpose of the operation is the removal of tumor. In the initial stages, the tumor is removing with a small adjacent tissue. At the advanced stages, the affected organ can be removed entirely. Before that, tumor can be subjected to radiotherapy - to reduce it in volume and to prevent metastatic complications.
The difference between surgical interventions in Turkey is that surgeons try to choose the minimally traumatic method for the operation.
Chemotherapy.In most cancer cases, chemotherapy is the main treatment. As a rule, chemotherapy sessions are outpatient and last from a few minutes to several hours. The procedure itself is carried out using a dropper (i.e. intravenously). If treatment requires longer sessions, they are carried out stationary or with the help of a permanent dropper installed at the patient's house. Nowadays, tablets can be also used which patient can take on his own. However, this form of treatment also requires constant medical supervision. In case of side effects or a sharp deterioration in the condition, the patient should immediately contact the department. This type of cancer treatment is only applicable if a preliminary study of the tumor tissue shows its sensitivity to chemotherapy.
Radiotherapy.Radiotherapy is used to reduce the volume of the tumor and prevent its spread. In most cases, it is carried out from an external radiation source using linear accelerators equipped with a modern computing system.
Gamma Knife.A gamma knife is one of the stereotactic methods of intracranial radiosurgery used to treat brain tumors and other brain abnormalities as part of radiation therapy. In gamma knife radiosurgery, target tissues receive a very high dose of radiation in one session, while adjacent brain tissue is exposed to only a small dose of radiation. The purpose of this procedure is to stop the growth of the tumor. Treatment is planned according to the specific needs of individual patients, and such individual treatment is very easy, fast, reliable, and safe.
Cyberknife (Cyberknife).With the help of a Cyberknife, tumors of relatively small size can be removed without surgery anywhere in the body, including its most inaccessible areas, where it is difficult for the surgeon's hand to penetrate. The principle of operation of this device is the point effect on the tumor with radiation of a given intensity.
Da Vinci Surgical System (Da Vinci).The new generation robot, which makes it possible to carry out the operation through small incisions with the help of miniature manipulators and 3D high-resolution cameras, which give the surgeon the most complete image of the operation site. This is the only commercially available technology that gives the surgeon the accuracy, dexterity and control of traditional abdominal surgery, while the operation is performed through one or two centimetre incisions. It should be remembered that the robot does not control the operation, each aspect of the surgical intervention is controlled by the surgeon.
How to organize cancer treatment in Turkey? How to understand the cost?
To organize treatment in one of the Turkish oncology clinics, you need to:
- Fill out an application on the site using the special form
- Wait for the response of the medical coordinator, which will arrive within 24 hours after sending the application
- Send the medical history documentation include all analyses to our email address
- Get a doctor's consultation for free.
- Take a look at the proposed medical programs of several clinics and the prices for cancer treatment in Turkey, and then choose the best option.
The approximate cost of treatment abroad can be calculated individually for each patient even before arriving at the clinic. To be able to do this, use our free online consultation service by filling out the contact form on the website.
An oncological diagnosis leaves very less time for choosing the right place of treatment. Every day is important when you are fighting with cancer, and the sooner you start the fight against the disease, the more effective will be the treatment.
We are ready to provide you our professional attention and care, effective and qualified medical care. Our consultation center is available to patients and their families around the clock.