Allergology & Immunology
Treatment of allergic diseases abroad
Allergology is a science located at the intersection of clinical medicine and immunology, which studies the nature of allergic diseases and reactions. The focus of this section of medicine are the methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of allergic diseases.
The immune system is a highly regulated and balanced system, and when the balance is disturbed, disease can occur. Research in this area includes the study of diseases caused by dysfunction of the immune system.
Allergist-immunologist - a doctor involved in the diagnosis, treatment, management of allergy, asthma and other immunological disorders including primary immunodeficiency. The process of treating allergies is quite complicated. Often includes consultations with specialists such as a dermatologist, geneticist, and gastroenterologist.
Since the immune system is responsible for the work of every organ in our body, the specificity of the work of the immunologist is very broad. An allergist-immunologist treats patients with various diseases and pathologies of the immune system - from allergies to oncology.
There are two types of immunodeficiency disorders: primary immunodeficiencies are usually present from birth, often are hereditary and relatively rare. Secondary immunodeficiencies usually develop at a later age and may result from an infection, as in the case of AIDS after HIV infection.
Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system attacks the body, which it must protect.
An immunologist should be contacted if there are the following symptoms:
- –Aggravated and prolonged purulent diseases of the oral cavity
- –Chronic fatigue
- –Disease recurrences
- –Frequent and prolonged illness (4-5 or more times in a year)
- –Frequent malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract
- –Frequent manifestation of herpes
- –General malaise, which is accompanied by body aches
- –Immunity of the body to antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal drugs
- –Insomnia or constant sleepiness
- –Unexplained slight fever
Allergy – an increased, inadequate response of the immune system to certain environmental factors that the body takes as potentially dangerous. This reaction is carried out by the immune system — the body's defense system, originally intended to fight real enemies (for example, microbes). However, for many people, the immune system seems to be always on the alert.
During an allergic reaction, histamine is released, which is the culprit for the development of bad symptoms: from skin manifestations to very severe life-threatening reactions, such as anaphylactic shock. An allergic reaction develops and occurs mainly inside the body, while its external manifestations only warn of danger.
Allergens are substances that can cause an allergic reaction. Allergen can be almost any substance, including food.
- –Animal hair, dandruff and feces
- –Feathers of birds
- –Food for aquarium fish
- –Food products
- –House dust (and microscopic mites contained in it)
- –Mold (microscopic fungi)
There are several types of allergies. Some are seasonal, others are year-round. Many allergic reactions accompany a person for life.
Types of allergic diseases:
- –Allergies to pets (wool, urine)
- –Allergy to insect bites
- –Cold allergy
- –Drug allergies
- –Food allergies
- –Latex allergy
- –Mold allergy
- –Pollen allergy
The most common allergy related diseases:
- –Allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis
- –Atopic dermatitis
- –Bronchial asthma
- –Eczema, contact dermatitis
- –Urticaria, strophulus
Diagnosis and treatment of allergies
Doctors diagnose allergies in four stages:
- –Visual inspection
- –Study of the patient’s history, family history and lifestyle
- –Various examinations of human organs
- –Allergen detection tests
What types of tests do doctors use to diagnose allergies?
- –Blood tests (specific IgE)
- –ImmunoCAP test
- –Intradermal skin test
- –Patch test
- –Skin test (prick test)
Allergy treatment depends on the history of each allergy and the results of examinations.
Today, there are two main types of treatment of allergic reactions: drug and / or immunotherapy.
- –Allergic Conjunctivitis and Rhinoconjunctivitis
- –Allergic Contact Dermatitis
- –Allergic rhinitis
- –Allergy (food, respiratory, contact, drug, infectious, insect)
- –Atopic bronchial asthma
- –Atopic dermatitis
- –Peritonsillar abscess of the oral cavity
- –Phlegmonous tonsillitis in combination with chronic tonsillitis
- –Purulent otitis media
- –Seasonal allergic rhinitis (pollinosis)
- –Urticaria of all types, including idiopathic urticaria and allergic to cold
- –Year-round rhinitis