Allergology & Immunology

MedAdvisor Allergology & Immunology

Treatment of allergic diseases abroad

Allergology is a science located at the intersection of clinical medicine and immunology, which studies the nature of allergic diseases and reactions. The focus of this section of medicine are the methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of allergic diseases.


The immune system is a highly regulated and balanced system, and when the balance is disturbed, disease can occur. Research in this area includes the study of diseases caused by dysfunction of the immune system.


Allergist-immunologist - a doctor involved in the diagnosis, treatment, management of allergy, asthma and other immunological disorders including primary immunodeficiency. The process of treating allergies is quite complicated. Often includes consultations with specialists such as a dermatologist, geneticist, and gastroenterologist.


Since the immune system is responsible for the work of every organ in our body, the specificity of the work of the immunologist is very broad. An allergist-immunologist treats patients with various diseases and pathologies of the immune system - from allergies to oncology.


There are two types of immunodeficiency disorders: primary immunodeficiencies are usually present from birth, often are hereditary and relatively rare. Secondary immunodeficiencies usually develop at a later age and may result from an infection, as in the case of AIDS after HIV infection.


Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system attacks the body, which it must protect.

An immunologist should be contacted if there are the following symptoms:

Allergy – an increased, inadequate response of the immune system to certain environmental factors that the body takes as potentially dangerous. This reaction is carried out by the immune system — the body's defense system, originally intended to fight real enemies (for example, microbes). However, for many people, the immune system seems to be always on the alert.


During an allergic reaction, histamine is released, which is the culprit for the development of bad symptoms: from skin manifestations to very severe life-threatening reactions, such as anaphylactic shock. An allergic reaction develops and occurs mainly inside the body, while its external manifestations only warn of danger.


Allergens are substances that can cause an allergic reaction. Allergen can be almost any substance, including food.


There are several types of allergies. Some are seasonal, others are year-round. Many allergic reactions accompany a person for life.


Types of allergic diseases:

The most common allergy related diseases:

Diagnosis and treatment of allergies

Doctors diagnose allergies in four stages:

What types of tests do doctors use to diagnose allergies?

Allergy treatment depends on the history of each allergy and the results of examinations.


Today, there are two main types of treatment of allergic reactions: drug and / or immunotherapy.