Orthopedics & Traumatology
Orthopedics and Traumatology
Orthopedics and traumatology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and development of methods for the prevention of deformities and disorders of the function of the musculoskeletal system.
Traditionally, orthopedics is inherently associated with traumatology, which studies damage to the musculoskeletal system, as well as with prosthetics, sports medicine and medical rehabilitation.
The main focus of orthopedics and traumatology is surgical specialization - treatment of patients with injuries and non-traumatic diseases of bones, joints and other supporting tissues. The vast majority of procedures in orthopedics and traumatology are surgical operations. However, planning and conducting conservative therapy are also important elements. Patients are often treated in collaboration with specialists from other areas of medicine.
The main operations in orthopedics and traumatology are arthroscopic operations on the joints, joint replacement operations, rehabilitation operations on bones and joints, as well as surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of the spine. Non-surgical treatment usually involves the use of tires and other supporting devices.
Diagnosis of diseases of orthopedics and traumatology is based primarily on the use of imaging techniques - X-ray, computer and magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, arthroscopy.
Treatment of orthopedic patients is always complex and, as a rule, requires a certain, sometimes significant, time. Orthopedic physicians in their practice successfully apply rehabilitation methods, including physical therapy, massage, orthopedic appliances, plastic surgery.
Patients may need an orthopedic surgeon if they have the following symptoms:
- –Doctor told that there is a need of joint replacement
- –Gradually progressive pain in the hip or knee, which increases with exertion
- –Joint pain that is severe and interferes with work
- –Moderate or common knee or hip arthritis
- –Pain in the joints or the musculoskeletal system that began after injury
- –Previous unsuccessful joint pain treatment
- –Ankylosing spondylitis
- –Damage to the ankle joint
- –Damage to the knee ligaments
- –Damage to the meniscus
- –Damage to the rotator cuff
- –Damage to the shoulder joint
- –Dupuytren's contracture
- –Flat feet
- –Habitual dislocation of the shoulder
- –Heel spur
- –Hip dysplasia
- –Joint injury
- –Knee instability
- –Muscle break
- –Shoulder thoracic periarthritis
- –Shoulder-blade periarthritis
- –Tendon rupture