Orthopedics & Traumatology

MedAdvisor Orthopedics & Traumatology

Orthopedics and Traumatology

Orthopedics and traumatology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and development of methods for the prevention of deformities and disorders of the function of the musculoskeletal system.


Traditionally, orthopedics is inherently associated with traumatology, which studies damage to the musculoskeletal system, as well as with prosthetics, sports medicine and medical rehabilitation.


The main focus of orthopedics and traumatology is surgical specialization - treatment of patients with injuries and non-traumatic diseases of bones, joints and other supporting tissues. The vast majority of procedures in orthopedics and traumatology are surgical operations. However, planning and conducting conservative therapy are also important elements. Patients are often treated in collaboration with specialists from other areas of medicine.


The main operations in orthopedics and traumatology are arthroscopic operations on the joints, joint replacement operations, rehabilitation operations on bones and joints, as well as surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of the spine. Non-surgical treatment usually involves the use of tires and other supporting devices.


Diagnosis of diseases of orthopedics and traumatology is based primarily on the use of imaging techniques - X-ray, computer and magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, arthroscopy.

Treatment of orthopedic patients is always complex and, as a rule, requires a certain, sometimes significant, time. Orthopedic physicians in their practice successfully apply rehabilitation methods, including physical therapy, massage, orthopedic appliances, plastic surgery.

Patients may need an orthopedic surgeon if they have the following symptoms: