Radiological medicine abroad
Radiology is a branch of medicine that uses imaging technology to diagnose and treat diseases.
Radiology can be divided into two different areas: diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology.
Radiologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases using medical imaging procedures such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and ultrasound.
Diagnostic radiology helps doctor to see and interpret images of the internal structure of a person’s body, determine the cause of symptoms, monitor how well the patient’s body responds to the treatment he is given, screen for various diseases such as breast cancer, colon cancer or heart diseases.
Interventional radiologists are doctors who use imaging to perform procedures, such as CT, ultrasound, MRI, and fluoroscopy. This helps the doctor inject catheters, wires, and other small instruments into the patient's body without hurting him.
The technology is used to diagnose or treat conditions in almost any part of the body.
Interventional radiologists treat cancer or tumors, blockage of arteries and veins, uterine myoma, back pain, liver and kidney problems.
Examples of interventional radiological procedures:
- –Angiography or angioplasty and stent placement
- –Biopsy of various organs, such as the lungs and thyroid
- –Breast biopsy under stereotactic or ultrasound guidance
- –Cancer treatment, including tumor embolization using chemoembolization or radioembolization
- –Embolization to control bleeding
- –Tumor ablation using radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation or microwave ablation
- –Uterine artery embolization
- –Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty
- –Computed tomography (CT), including computed angiography
- –Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
- –Nuclear medicine, which includes tests such as bone scans, thyroid scans, and bicycle ergometry
- –Positron emission tomography, also called PET tomography, PET scan or PET CT scan in combination with CT scan