Transplantology is a field of medicine that studies issues and problems of organ transplantation, as well as the prospects for the creation of artificial organs.
Organ and tissue transplantation is the operation to implant and replace missing or irreversibly damaged tissues or organs (for example, kidneys, heart, liver, lungs, bone marrow, hematopoietic stem cells, etc.) damaged by the pathological process with tissues or organs taken from the donor.
In which cases organ transplantation is required
Transplant surgery is necessary in case an organ or part of the body loses its ability to perform its functions. This can be caused by a congenital abnormality, a disease or a serious injury, intoxication (liver transplantation). People who often burns resort to the transplantation of intact skin to burned areas.
The following types of transplantation are distinguished:
Autotransplantation or autologous transplantation is an organ transplant within the same organism of the same person (the donor and the recipient are the same person).
Isotransplantation or isogenic transplantation - a transplantation produced by the biological compatibility of donor and recipient tissues (for example, from one identical twin to another).
Homotransplantation, or homologous transplantation - the transplant donor is 100% genetically and immunologically nonidentical to the recipient (from person to person). This is the most commonly used type of transplant.
- –Bone marrow transplantation
- –Eye transplant
- –Heart transplant
- –Kidney transplant
- –Liver transplantation
- –Lung transplant
Turkey has strict rules for organ transplantation.For more information, please contact us!