Ankara — the capital of Turkey is the second largest city in the country after Istanbul. Ankara is a nice, cozy and very ancient city. At the time of the transfer of the capital, in 1923, it numbered about 60 thousand inhabitants. The history of Ankara goes back centuries, and architectural monuments are witnesses of many events of antiquity.
The fortress of the city, as far back as 1200 BC, provided protection for the peaceful population of the surrounding area. At that time, Ankara had a fairly favourable geopolitical location, being at the crossroads of important trade routes. At the time of Rome, it was a commercial and political policy in which the residence of the emperor was located in the summer season. Following the head of state, a mass of aristocracy flocked here from all corners of the empire.
After the weakening of the Roman positions on the world stage, the city was alternately acquired by the Phrygians, Persians, Celts, Byzantines, Arabs, and Crusaders. And finally, Ankara became part of the Ottoman Empire.
Anatolian railway, built in 1893 and connecting Ankara and Istanbul, gave impetus to the development of the city. Now more than 5 million people live in the capital.
Climate and table precipitation
Ankara has a temperate continental climate. The summer is warm and long (from mid-May to the end of September), average temperatures are +23…+25. The probability of precipitation is low. At night, 12-15 degrees cooler. Winters are not cold but snowy, during the daytime +1…+4, the thermometer at night almost always descends to minus values.
The bulk of precipitation falls in spring and autumn, the wettest months are April and May. Temperatures in this period are +12…+16.
* weather in Ankara provided by Yandex.Pogoda service
City guide (1 day in Ankara)
Modern Ankara represents two cities, and this happened due to the speed with which it began to develop after its announcement as the capital of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Prior to that, provincial Angora was famous for producing soft goat wool. The city is still grouped around the old fortress – the place of the original settlement.
The second Ankara is a modern metropolis, built according to a carefully developed plan, where the authorities are located. The city is located at the confluence of the Enguri and Chubuk rivers, on the Anatolian plateau at an altitude of 850 meters above sea level. This is the most arid region in Turkey.
Ankara can be visited only to ensure the success of the country, spending a maximum of a couple of days on the local museums and some other attractions.
There are more than 250 hotels in Ankara (including cheap guesthouses), the total amount of rooms is calculated for more than 22 thousand people. Thus, everyone will find a place to their liking. If you wish, you can fill in an online application for assistance in choosing a hotel.
In the old part of the city is the main attraction of Ankara – the ancient fortress Citadel Hisar – (Citadel). It stands on a high hill, which height is almost a thousand meters. It offers a magnificent panorama of the entire city. The citadel consists of the inner and outer parts. The interior was built in the sixth century AD, and the exterior much later – in the ninth century, during the reign of Michael II. Previously, the Citadel had twenty watchtowers, but today only some of them have survived. The outer part of the fortress has seven different entrances, each of which has its own name.
The modern monument of Ankara is the «Atakule». Atakule lookout tower. It stands in the very center of the city, in the «Cankaya» area. The tower was built in 1989, its height – 125 meters. At its summit is a terrace, which offers indescribable beauty overlooking the entire city. There is also a restaurant revolving around the tower, a Turkish cafe, and even a small cinema.
In the building of the former baths there is a museum of ancient Anatolian civilizations. You can see there the findings of the Hittite empire, a colony of Assyrian merchants, the Bronze Age, up to the time of the caveman. The most significant exhibits include: a wall that is eight thousand years old, a ceramic image of animals, a collection of metal and stone ornaments and tools. The museum is open daily from 8:30 am and 7:00 pm, working seven days a week.
You should definitely visit an amazing monument – Turkey's first president Ataturk's mausoleum, built with respect for the style of Anatolian architecture. «Ataturk» translated as «father of the Turk», this name was given by the Turkish people to Mustafa Kemal for his great contribution to the development of the country. He conducted positively recognized reforms by the people, such as: company for literacy, simplification of the caliphate, gender equality. The mausoleum was opened in the 50s of the twentieth century. In the central hall stands the sarcophagus with the remains of Ataturk, around which stones from all parts of the country are collected, as a sign of respect for the great ruler. There is an honor guard near the mausoleum, every hour there is a shift, which anyone can watch. The memorial complex is open every day except Monday.
Turkish baths - Şengül Hamamı (Sengul Hamam).
After sightseeing, only one thing remains - relax in the local Turkish bath. Go to Sangul Hamam. This authentic bathhouse is more than 600 years old, but it has been recently renovated.
Do not forget to buy your own loofah at the door (not everyone likes using public loofah) before going into the steam mist. Try a coffee massage (kahve massaj) and become clean, refreshed and energized.
Turkish lira is the national currency in Turkey. 1 lira equals 100 kuruş. All banknotes and coins depict different portraits of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - the first president of the Republic of Turkey.
In the course:
- banknote: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 lira.
- Coins: 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 kuruş and 1 lira.
If you have a bank card, it is not necessary to carry a huge amount of cash to Turkey, it is easy to take lira in any place. Cards are accepted everywhere, no additional commission is taken. The conversion takes place automatically, with the amount of the commission approximately corresponding to losses in the exchange of the national currency (ruble, hryvnia, tenge, etc.) for euro / dollar and further for turkish lira.
In Turkey, plastic cards of popular payment systems are served in banks and ATMs: Visa, Master Card, Maestro, Union Pay, JCB, American Express. World cards are not accepted.
Debit and MasterCard and Visa credit cards can be used to pay everywhere in stores, restaurants, bars, hotels. Usually even in small shops there is a card reader.
The most convenient way to get cash in Turkish liras is to pick it up from a bank card at ATMs. Try not to change large amounts in the exchangers of airports (if you take a taxi, then you can pay in currency) and at the reception of the hotel - the rate is really bad.
The official exchange rate of the Turkish lira to the main currencies can be viewed on the website - doviz.com.
Features of Turkish cuisine
The national cuisine of modern Turkey has centuries-old traditions and has its history from the ancient Turks, adopting much from the Arabs and the Greeks, the inhabitants of the Balkans, the Mediterranean and the Caucasus.
It is obvious that Turkey, being a Muslim state, has its own «religious» subtleties of taste. All products, in accordance with the Muslim tradition, are divided into halal - allowed and prohibited - haram. Probably the most famous haram product is pork, which is almost impossible to find in use among the Turkish people. Even greater restrictions introduce national table festive and religious dates. Thus, in the month of fasting, obligatory for all Muslims, called Ramadan, a ban was imposed on the consumption of food, water in the daytime and meat – at any time of the day or night.
However, these traditions will not prevent guests of the country from enjoying the delights of Turkish cuisine. Firstly, such bans are intended exclusively for Muslims. Secondly, in such a tourist country as Turkey, they are well aware that guests tourists, should be full and satisfied both in the post and in its absence. Both meat -eaters and vegetarians can always please themselves with fresh and cooked vegetables, dishes from legumes and mushrooms as well as delicious desserts and fruits.
Shopping in Ankara is an additional reason to wander through the streets of the city, to merge with local life in its most unexpected way.
In the heart of Ankara there is a noisy and crowded Kızılay (Kizilay) - the center of attraction for all shopping lovers with its many huge galleries and small shops, generously decorated with cozy cafes and restaurants. Fans of books and delicacies have a direct access to Ataturk Boulevard.
Another popular district of Ankara is Kavaklidere. It has everything to relax and enjoy a walk: cute streets with brand-name windows, modern shopping centers, mini-bakeries and souvenir shops.
Çıkrıkçılar Yokuşu (Сikrikcilar Yokusu) – is probably the most famous market in Ankara, located in the old part of the city - Ulus. On the shelves of the market it is worth looking for the goods of local craftsmen - from fabrics and jewelery to kitchen utensils and national attires. Well, what is the eastern market without traditional oriental spices and sweets? Here it is the true taste and smell of Turkey.
Modern shopping centers
Tunali Hilmi Avenue is the perfect place for modern shopping in Ankara. There you will find the modern Karum Shopping Center, an impressive aerial building with huge six floors. At Karum shopping center you will find clothes, jewelry, textiles, cosmetics, gifts and much more, and also restaurants and a good dining room on the ground floor.
AnkaMall is one of the best and largest shopping centers in Ankara. With a food court, and a couple of good coffee houses. There are many taste and color shops, convenient to get to ( on the right of the exit from the metro station), in the shopping center - full ATM machines. Be prepared for the fact that AnkaMall is huge and always crowded.
Cepa Mall and Kent Park Mall in Ankara are two other great separate shopping malls. They are located nearby with each other, you can easily switch from one to another. The modern interior is home to many local and international stores selling everything from gifts and jewelry to clothing and shoes. You will also find cinemas, restaurants and bistros there.
The season of discounts begins in January from 50% and above. Since the prices of goods in Turkey (clothing, accessories, jewelry, etc.) is much lower than Russian, taking into account discounts, the difference in prices will surprise you greatly and pleasantly!
Moving around the city
- How will I move around the city?
First of all, it all depends on where you will stay. MedTurism offers hotels that are located as close as it’s possible to the hospital chosen by you. If for one reason or another you have chosen an apartment or hotel located at a great distance from the hospital - it’s very easy to take a taxi, use the subway or bus. Ground transportation in Ankara consists of buses (Otobus) and route taxis - dolmushes (Dolmuş). There are no trolleybuses and trams in Ankara.
TAXI IN ANKARA
Literally at every step there are special parking lots where you can see yellow cars with chips.
More information about the routes of movement we will be able to provide you after meeting.
Licensed auto car has a number of such elements:
- –It is always yellow
- –On the roof of the car is installed a sign that says «Taksi»
- –On the vehicle written business phone number and the name of the firm-carrier
- –There is a taximeter in the car (the fare you can see on the taximeter, in the case when the driver himself voiced the fare - you can refuse to pay for his services.
It’s very difficult to talk about a single cost of a taxi across the country. Depending on the region, different fares may apply, in some cities the fare is fixed. Basically, prices are quite reasonable.
METRO IN ANKARA
In 1996, the first line of the Ankara metro was commissioned, which consists of two branches today. The first line is a light metro, the length of which is almost nine kilometres. The second branch stretches for 15 kilometres, of which 6.5 kilometres pass in an underground tunnel. On the outskirts of the city, the tracks are laid in an elevated way.
Passengers of the Ankara metro can use the services of 45 stations, where it is possible to transfer to other types of public transport in the Turkish capital.
Payment for travel in the subway Ankara carried out with the help of travel documents. They can be purchased at the box office at the stations and activated in the turnstiles readers. Save tickets to the end of the trip.
The fare on the subway in Ankara is 3 Liras
BUSES IN ANKARA
There are two types of busses in Ankara: municipal - they are painted in blue and the state - painted in orange.
Trips on municipal buses should be paid in the cabin to the conductor, who sits to the left of the entrance to the cabin, and when traveling by public buses, you should buy EGO travel tickets in kiosks located at almost all stops. You need to use the ticket, putting it in a special opening in the machine near the front door.
Name of state buses (orange) – Belediye Otobusu
Name of municipal (blue) buses – Halk Otobusu
The fare on the bus in Ankara – 2,75 lira ( around 0.5 $)
Buses operating mode: on average – 08:00 – 23:00
They drive along the routes coinciding to the buses. The fare is calculated depending on the distance you have travelled, but the prices regulated by the state are quite low. The fare is paid to the driver, prices are usually indicated inside the cabin. On the windshield of the Dolmuş indicated the final stop.
Dolmuş operation mode: on average 08:00 – 23:00
Airport in Turkish – Havalimanı (HavAlimany)
Esenboga International Airport is 28 km away from Ankara. Many airlines fly there from both inside Turkey and outside. Ankara has 1 more airport. Check-in of the passengers and baggage for domestic aircraft usually starts 2 hours and ends 40 minutes before departure. For passengers of international lines, check-in opens 2 hours and 30 minutes and ends 40 minutes before departure.
To check in for a flight at the airport, you must show your ticket and passport. If a passenger has bought an electronic ticket, he will only need a passport to check in and board the flight.
To buy an air tickets to Turkey you can use the help of special search engines that collect data from all airlines.
Official airport site: esenbogaairport.com
Departure board: visit the site
Online arrivals: visit the site
Phone number: +90 (312) 590-40-00